File Name: relationship between geography and other disciplines .zip
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Geography's relevance to science and society arises from a distinctive and integrating set of perspectives through which geographers view the world around them. This chapter conveys a sense of what is meant by a geographic perspective, whether it be applied in research, teaching, or practice.
This article deals with the relationship of geography with other subjects. Without further ado, let us discuss the relationship of geography with other subjects. Geography and History are the different independent disciplines but they are closely inter-related.
History deals with the past event that is related to time. On the other hand, geography deals with the matter that is related to space. In other words, we can say that history is a narrative while geography is descriptive. Further, some scholars cemented that Geography is the platform or stage where the play or drama of history to be played.
In the real sense, geography determines the historical events while correspondingly history tracks or reflects the geographical facts. In such possibilities of human growth or settlement history is born.
Historical events such as ancient civilization tracks back the corresponding geographical conditions which are co-related to each other. For example, Indus Valley civilization is the part of history but by the study of such civilization able to determine several geographical aspects such as features of Indus Valley , culture, tradition, lifestyle, occupational structures, etc.
Thus, geography and history are closely related. Actually, they are like the two faces of a coin. Generally, sociology deals with social behaviors such as the organization of communities, family structure, cultural structure, customs, rituals, and norms of livelihood. On the other hand, in geography also we study such aspects as social geography. It shows that there is a common agenda between these two subjects.
Actually, social geography is the logical expression of the interaction between sociology and geography. Social geography studies the common issues between geography and sociology. It is partly based on geography and partly on the sociology.
Thus the two subjects are related to each other. Botany deals with plant life in relation to characteristics, the structure of cells, favorable conditions to grow, and species. Like Botany, Geography studies about the environment and natural vegetation i. Further, Geography studies the spatial distribution of natural vegetation with its favorable geographical conditions and its corresponding species of plants.
Thus the study of botany needs to understand the geographical phenomena which design the corresponding character of a plant. Without geographical knowledge, the study of botany will be an uncompleted one. On the other hand, botany helps the study of geography regarding natural vegetation by providing the morphogenetic fields of various plants. Geography is related to mathematics and mathematics borrows several aspects from geography. For example, a mathematician may find very useful data in geography that may be in the field of population, crop production, rate of urbanization, or any other.
Again such data may be analyzed systematically by using mathematical methods or applications in order to achieve the appropriate result. Likewise, knowledge of geometry lays down a strong foundation for surveying and cartographical work in geography. The student of geography has to draw diagrams and maps at every step to illustrate his points. Also, the teacher too employs charts, statistical, graphs, and diagrams as the means for teaching geographical facts.
Even practical arts are correlated to geography. In a manual class, different types of students may prepare cupboards, the map screen, pointers, thermometer cases almirahs, map holders and map-stands, and other articles for storage and exhibition and also models of the means of transport. In a bookbinding class, map repair work may be included.
School gardening may explain the cultivation of agricultural crops and forests grown in different parts of India. In a painting class, the students might have to draw geographical scenery, e. Drawing helps a great deal in making maps and statistical diagrams. There are many relationships between these two subjects. Lessons on physical geography are better understood by the knowledge of physical sciences. For example, distribution of flora and fauna, principles of climate, the phenomena of earthquakes and volcanoes, causes of currents and tides, weathering and erosion, rotation and revolution of the earth, are the topic which is as much related to physics, chemistry, botany and zoology as to geography.
Similarly, the whole zoological and biological life is controlled by the chemistry of the climate and soil. Nature study, too, prepares the child for geographical work. All these sciences have a common theme with geography. Geography studies the distribution of rocks of forest or animals or men. Physical sciences study these topics, but from different angles and in greater details. It shows that there is a common zone of study between these two subjects. The reciprocal relationship between anthropology and geography has resulted in the development of anthropogeography of ethnology which treats different human groups in terms of natural conditions.
Thus to many extend, there are lots of common lots of similarities between the two subjects. Thus, Geography and Anthropology are closely related.
Astronomy is the science that deals with celestial bodies. On the other hand, geography is the study of the earth which is the part of the celestial body. Similarly, indirectly, the study of geography is part of Astronomy. Besides in the study of geography, we study the position of the planet earth in the universe in this study at least we have to go through astronomy.
Earth is the member planet of the solar system while the solar system is the primary component of astronomy. With the help of mathematics, we study the motion and movement of the earth, size of a celestial body, extend to the celestial sphere, and velocities of planetary motions are common to both the subjects.
Thus astronomy and geography are closely related. The field of economics studies the economic life of man, as well as geography, also deals with man in relation to environmental interactions. Man needs the economy for living and the economy needs the sources to provide economic resources while economic resources need geographical conditions.
Thus the development of economics is depending upon the geographical conditions. In other words, economic life cannot be studied without having the idea of geographical background. Various sources of economics such as industry, manufacturing, agriculture, and other human occupations are the primary components of economics as well as for geography also. Hence, both economics and geography are closely related to each other just like brothers and sisters in a family.
Geography and physics are inter-related. Geography studies environmental phenomena and an environmental phenomenon is studied within the framework of physics. The field of meteorology is largely studied in geography as well as in physics also. In physics, meteorology studies the atmospheric process by using the method of physics. Thus, in physics the process of hydrology is studied as a large part of the subject in the meantime hydrology is also studied in geography with the title of study oceanography.
Similarly, there are lots of common processes, common components which to study in both the subjects. Thus these two subjects are related to each other. Geography and geology are the closes subjects to each other. Some scholars proclaimed as geography and geology are twins of the same parents. Geology studies with the origin, structure, history of the earth, and compositions, in the same way, geography also deals with such Components.
Besides a major portion of the study of geology such as volcanoes, earthquakes, isostasy, landforms, etc. In this way, both the subjects have maximum equivalents between their peripheries. The study of Geomorphology is an important part of both subjects. This subject bridges both the study geography and geology very closely.
Both Political science and geography are the partner components of social science. They are the permanent members of the family of social science. In every step, they are extended as well as borrowed their helps each other. For example, political science is the subject that studies the administration of a particular state or country with their administration problems, such problem, and mode of administration is different from place to place or from country to country.
Such dissimilarities come from various geographical reasons such as cultural factors, physiographic factors, climatic factors, natural factors, behavioral factors, etc. Besides, various political agreements are based on geographical phenomena such as the Cauvery water dispute in India, several issues like degradation of the environment and global warming, construction of dams, etc. Such major geographical issues are dealt with as political issues very frequently in every country.
Similarly, Geography and political science are closely interrelated. Not only geography, but there are also many components of social sciences such as sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, history, political science, etc.
All these different subjects have a close relationship with geography. While geography deals with the matter that is related to space.
In other words, it is expressed that history is a narrative, while geography is descriptive. Further, some scholars commented that geography is the platform or stage where the play or drama of history to be played. Sociology deals with social behavior such as the organization of communities, family structure, cultural structure, customs, rituals, and norms of livelihood. On the other hand in geography also we study such aspects as social geography.
Thus, from the above study, it is seen that there is a close relationship of geography with other subjects of social sciences. Without the study of geography, the study of social science will be like a handicapped person and vice versa.
Therefore, in order to accomplish the study of social science, different partners should be integrated and coordinated. The Contributions of Arab Geographers. The Contributions of German Geographers.
The Contributions of French Geographers. The Contributions of Greek philosophers in the field of Geography.
Spationomy pp Cite as. Geography as an independent scientific branch comprises of a great variety of subjects with lots of methods, tools and approaches. For instance, when studying human migration flows, we need to be able to use pieces of knowledge from 1 geopolitics to understand the initial motives of migration, 2 geo demography to analytically describe, e. On this example, we demonstrate how interdisciplinary the geography is. Moreover, if we add specialised, accompanied disciplines, such as GIScience and cartography, an amazing box of geographical analyses opens.
This article deals with the relationship of geography with other subjects. Without further ado, let us discuss the relationship of geography with other subjects. Geography and History are the different independent disciplines but they are closely inter-related. History deals with the past event that is related to time. On the other hand, geography deals with the matter that is related to space.
The two disciplines have been associated through the sub-fields of political geography, which covers geographical differences in voting patterns, for example, and through geo-politics which examines how the great powers influence other parts of the planet. In the context of globalisation, interdisciplinary understandings of socio-environmental issues are becoming increasing key to solving the problems of the future such as political instability in parts of the developing world as a result of climate change, for example. Environmental politics, and the politics of the environment, are becoming ever more important.
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between human geography and other disciplines are stronger than in the case of physical geography. Key words. geography • bibliometric.