File Name: interlinking of rivers pros and cons .zip
The interlinking of river project is a Civil Engineering project, which aims to connect Indian rivers through reservoirs and canals. The farmers will not have to depend on the monsoon for cultivation and also the excess or lack of water can be overcome during flood or drought.
India is a vast country and is highly diversified in terms of natural resources and socio-economic setup. Moreover, its water resources are unevenly distributed in space and time. With increasing population and increasing aspiration for improved standard of living, there is an acute pressure on the demand and availability of water. Though the idea of interlinking of rivers is not a new concept in India, it had rather persisted long back as much as in other countries of ancient civilization. In India the river-linking project in a sensible and scientific manner will not only allow the prevention of the colossal wastage of a vitally important natural resource, mitigate the flood and inundation by detaining flowing surface water of rainy seasons, but also ensure availability of water to drier areas; combating both flood and drought simultaneously.
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Public Administration. Study Tips. Buy Books. Free Materials. My Account. Whether we realise it or not, the drinking water scarcity problem that we see in different parts of India today is a direct result of climate change.
India is very vulnerable to climate change — melting Himalayan glaciers will produce floods in north India; erratic monsoons will create droughts in peninsular India.
Global action against climate change is not enough even if the Paris Agreement is followed in letter and spirit which is already weakening due to nations such as the US and Brazil walking away from it. Therefore India will have to assume the worst of impacts of global warming and tailor its programmes accordingly.
With the threat of floods and droughts looming in various parts of the country, there is no option but to make the year-old idea, that is, Interlinking of Rivers ILR happen, and fast. The NDA government has always been in favour of inter-linking of rivers and it is to be hoped that the government sees ILR in the light of climate action, rather than a developmental move.
Solve the water crisis. However, its possible advantages cannot be ignored particularly in the context of growing concerns of climate change. Hence it is crucial to do a detailed hydrological, geological, meteorological and environmental analysis of the project before moving ahead.
Until then, the government should focus on alternative solutions to the water crisis in India. Remember me. Lost your password? Please enter your username or email address. You will receive a link to create a new password via email. Username or Email Address. Log In. Never Miss Out Any Post! Want to learn how to remember everything you study?
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The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to effectively manage water resources in India by linking Indian rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals to enhance irrigation and groundwater recharge , reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India. The Inter-link project has been split into three parts: a northern Himalayan rivers inter-link component, a southern Peninsular component and starting , an intrastate rivers linking component. NWDA has studied and prepared reports on 14 inter-link projects for Himalayan component, 16 inter-link projects for Peninsular component and 37 intrastate river linking projects. The average rainfall in India is about 4, billion cubic metres, but most of India's rainfall comes over a 4-month period — June through September. Furthermore, the rain across the very large nation is not uniform, the east and north gets most of the rain, while the west and south get less. This geographical and time variance in availability of natural water versus the year round demand for irrigation, drinking and industrial water creates a demand-supply gap, that has been worsening with India's rising population. Proponents of the rivers inter-linking projects claim the answers to India's water problem is to conserve the abundant monsoon water bounty, store it in reservoirs, and deliver this water — using rivers inter-linking project — to areas and over times when water becomes scarce.
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Interlinking these rivers will achieve water-balance and will solve the problems of floods and droughts to a great extent. Agriculture in India is highly dependent on monsoons. Many farmers face losses if there is no sufficient rainfall in the year, and are slipping into poverty.
Interlinking of rivers have many benefits. But this should be the last resort. India receives plenty of rainfall, but most of these rainwater is going into drains.
Expert opinion on the matter remains as sharply divided as ever. The idea of interlinking of rivers in the Indian subcontinent is atleast years old. During the British Raj in India, Sir Arthur Cotton, a British general and irrigation engineer, first suggested linking the Ganga and the Cauvery for navigational purposes. The power requirement for lifting the water was huge, estimated to be to MW, for irrigating an additional area of 4 million hectares only. The scheme was also not having any flood control benefit. Rao had estimated this proposal to cost about Rs. The Central Water Commission, which examined the proposal, found it to be grossly under estimated and economically prohibitive.
The proposal for interlinking of rivers ILR can resolve not only water security problems, but have many other benefits too. But there are many issues linked to interlinking of rivers which need to be discussed. The continuous flow of fresh river water into the sea is what helps maintain a low salinity layer of water and rainfall over much of the subcontinent is controlled by this layer of low-salinity water. A proper analysis of impact of interlinking project need to be done with proper cost-benefit analysis. As benefits of river interlinking are many but it comes at some cost. Therefore caution is must.
Dear Mrunal, Your article are really informative and analytical but you are missing the bigger picture here that this interlinking of river project is not feasible due to technical reason especially due to power required to push the water from low land to highland. Please throw some light on this aspect to all the readers. ThanKs and regards Ashish goel aspirant. A bank has to keep 4. Caveat: That bank has to be a commercial bank or urban cooperative bank.