File Name: list of all vitamins and minerals and their functions ppt to .zip
A Harvard Health article. Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of roles in the body. There is a fine line between getting enough of these nutrients which is healthy and getting too much which can end up harming you.
Beth Bolt began her career in the health sciences by graduating from the University of Colorado School of Pharmacy in
Jump to content. The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses.
Vitamin , any of several organic substances that are necessary in small quantities for normal health and growth in higher forms of animal life. Vitamins are distinct in several ways from other biologically important compounds such as protein s, carbohydrate s, and lipid s.
Although these latter substances also are indispensable for proper bodily functions, almost all of them can be synthesized by animals in adequate quantities.
Vitamins, on the other hand, generally cannot be synthesized in amounts sufficient to meet bodily needs and therefore must be obtained from the diet or from some synthetic source. For this reason, vitamins are called essential nutrients. Vitamins also differ from the other biological compounds in that relatively small quantities are needed to complete their functions. If a vitamin is absent from the diet or is not properly absorbed by the body, a specific deficiency disease may develop.
Vitamins are usually designated by selected letters of the alphabet, as in vitamin D or vitamin C , though they are also designated by chemical names, such as niacin and folic acid. Biochemists traditionally separate them into two groups, the water-soluble vitamins and the fat-soluble vitamins. The common and chemical names of vitamins of both groups, along with their main biological functions and deficiency symptoms, are listed in the table.
Some of the first evidence for the existence of vitamins emerged in the late 19th century with the work of Dutch physician and pathologist Christiaan Eijkman. In a nerve disease polyneuritis broke out among his laboratory chickens. He noticed that the disease was similar to the polyneuritis associated with the nutritional disorder beriberi. In he demonstrated that polyneuritis was caused by feeding the chickens a diet of polished white rice but that it disappeared when the animals were fed unpolished rice.
In —07 British biochemist Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins observed that animals cannot synthesize certain amino acids and concluded that macronutrients and salts could not by themselves support growth. Funk believed that some human diseases, particularly beriberi, scurvy , and pellagra , also were caused by deficiencies of factors of the same chemical type.
Later it was realized that the water-soluble growth factor , vitamin B, was not a single entity but at least two—only one of which prevented polyneuritis in pigeons. The factor required by pigeons was called vitamin B 1 , and the other factor, essential for rats, was designated vitamin B 2. As chemical structures of the vitamins became known, they were also given chemical names, e. Vitamin Article Media Additional Info. Article Contents.
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We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. B vitamins are a group of eight essential nutrients that play roles in many organs and bodily systems. Although they can work together in the body, they also carry out their own unique functions. In this article, we explore the function of B vitamins in the body and some key dietary sources of each. They help the body convert food into energy metabolism , create new blood cells, and maintain healthy skin cells, brain cells, and other body tissues. B vitamins often occur together in the same foods.
Classes of Vitamins. Fat Soluble Vitamins: stored in tissues. Examples. A. D. E ALL ANIMALS require a source of Vitamin A. It is important in the ration of pregnant Function: is essential for the proper utilization of calcium and phosphorus to Sources: raw, whole grains and especially their seed coats and embryos; fresh.
Minerals in food ppt. What next? Color: a. All rights reserved. Avail the maximum benefit of your exercise routine with free nutrition PowerPoint templates.
Vitamins Ppt. Prenatal vitamins help you maintain the vitamins and minerals your body needs before, during, and after pregnancy. Adults under the age of 50 should get IU of vitamin D per day, and adults over the age of 50 should get , IU.
Vitamin , any of several organic substances that are necessary in small quantities for normal health and growth in higher forms of animal life. Vitamins are distinct in several ways from other biologically important compounds such as protein s, carbohydrate s, and lipid s. Although these latter substances also are indispensable for proper bodily functions, almost all of them can be synthesized by animals in adequate quantities. Vitamins, on the other hand, generally cannot be synthesized in amounts sufficient to meet bodily needs and therefore must be obtained from the diet or from some synthetic source. For this reason, vitamins are called essential nutrients.
They will also usually have minerals such as Examples of vitamins that contain antioxidants are C, E, and radicals which play a role in the development.
Therefore, you need to get an adequate amount of electrolytes from your diet to keep your body functioning as it should. This article takes a detailed look at electrolytes, their functions, the risk of imbalance and possible sources. When these minerals dissolve in a fluid, they form electrolytes — positive or negative ions used in metabolic processes. These electrolytes are required for various bodily processes, including proper nerve and muscle function, maintaining acid-base balance and keeping you hydrated. Electrolytes are minerals that carry an electric charge.
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