File Name: common names of chemical compounds and their uses .zip
Ether , any of a class of organic compounds characterized by an oxygen atom bonded to two alkyl or aryl groups.
The common names and formulas of chemical compounds is a very relevant area of study for every competitive exam including SSC and it is important for the aspirants to develop a fair idea on this subject. In this article, we are discussing the following topics. A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds. There will be a fixed ratio for a chemical compound determining the composition of it. For example, water H2O is a compound consisting of two hydrogen atoms bonded to an oxygen atom. The ratio of each element is usually expressed by a chemical formula.
The atoms in all substances that contain multiple atoms are held together by electrostatic interactions—interactions between electrically charged particles such as protons and electrons. Electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged species positive and negative results in a force that causes them to move toward each other, like the attraction between opposite poles of two magnets. In contrast, electrostatic repulsion between two species with the same charge either both positive or both negative results in a force that causes them to repel each other, as do the same poles of two magnets. Atoms form chemical compounds when the attractive electrostatic interactions between them are stronger than the repulsive interactions. Collectively, the attractive interactions between atoms are called chemical bonds.
In traditional medicine, there has been a great deal of research on the effects exhibited by medicinal materials. To study the effects, resources that can systematically describe the chemical compounds in medicinal materials are necessary. In recent years, numerous databases on medicinal materials and constituent compounds have been constructed. However, because these databases provide differing information and the sources of such information are unclear or difficult to verify, it is difficult to decide which database to use. Moreover, there is much overlapping information.
Sodium Na , chemical element of the alkali metal group Group 1 [Ia] of the periodic table. Sodium is a very soft silvery-white metal. Sodium is the most common alkali metal and the sixth most abundant element on Earth, comprising 2. It occurs abundantly in nature in compounds , especially common salt —sodium chloride NaCl —which forms the mineral halite and constitutes about 80 percent of the dissolved constituents of seawater. In Sir Humphry Davy became the first to prepare sodium in its elemental form, applying electrolysis to fused sodium hydroxide NaOH. Sodium is an important constituent of a number of silicate materials, such as feldspars and micas. There are huge deposits of rock salt in various parts of the world, and sodium nitrate deposits exist in Chile and Peru.
A chemical nomenclature is a set of rules to generated systematic names for chemical compounds. A third publication, known as the Green Book ,  describes the recommendations for the use of symbols for physical quantities in association with the IUPAP , while a fourth, the Gold Book ,  contains the definitions of many technical terms used in chemistry. These "color books" are supplemented by shorter recommendations for specific circumstances that are published periodically in the journal Pure and Applied Chemistry. The primary function of chemical nomenclature is to ensure that a spoken or written chemical name leaves no ambiguity concerning which chemical compound the name refers to: each chemical name should refer to a single substance. A less important aim is to ensure that each substance has a single name, although a limited number of alternative names is acceptable in some cases.
In this list Compound name, Chemical formula of the compound and its uses are given.
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Chemical Compounds, their Common Names, Formulas & Uses | Download PDF List of Chemical Compounds, it's Formula and uses.