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Any account of the classical sciences of India must begin with mathematics, for, as the ancient Sanskrit text Vedanga Jyotisa ca. Written at a time when most societies had difficulty handling numbers beyond , the Buddhist text Lalita-vistara before the fourth century C. The fact that the numeral system common today—the closest we have to a universal language—comes from India is well known. The idea of zero and its integration into the place-value system, which enabled one to write numbers no matter how large using only ten symbols, originated in India. After quick adoption in ninth-century Baghdad, it came slowly to be transmitted to Christian Europe around the thirteenth century through Jewish scholars working in Islamic Spain.
E K Janaki Ammal Winner of Padmashri Award. Was a renowned botanist and plant cytologist who made significant contributions to genetics, evolution, phytogeography and ethnobotany. B Vijayalakshmi D , Madras. For her research she studied relativistic wave equations and their proportions. She expired on 12th May at the age of 33 due to cancer.
How often do we take out the time to think about those extra ordinary minds who made life easier for us? Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments. He was the first to investigate the harmonic nature of the sound of the Indian drums such as the tabla and the mridangam. He discovered that, when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called the Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect. In October , he collapsed in his laboratory.
Science plays an integral role in our day-to-day lives. Have you ever imagined what would we be doing if none of these things were invented? Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. Dr kalam, born on October 15, left millions of people in shock as his soul departed on July 28 last year. When he passed away, the kind of outpouring in his honour this country witnessed is almost unprecedented. He also served as the 11th President of India from to
Like most professions in India, the field of science is very much male-dominated. Many women, over the years, have made immense contribution to science, and have also paved a path for others to follow. Let us look at seven Indian women scientists who have broken stereotypes and are an inspiration to all. One of the few women mathematics researchers in the country, she completed her PhD, 16 years after marriage. She has been honoured with the Vishwanath Parvati Gokhale Award for one of her books in Marathi.
Famous Indian scientists and their inventions — Science is a very important part of our lives and the scientific inventions have paved the way for gadgets and various technologies, which we cannot live without. Did you ever wonder how the world would have been if the light was not invented? Scientists spend hours and hours of research at the library or their work desk. They have the urge to bring about something new or innovative.
From making purchases to allocating your monthly pocket money to measuring quantities while cooking, all of us use math in our day-to-day activities even without realizing it.