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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy And Physiology Pdf

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Correspondence addressed to. The purpose of this study was to develop an educational proposal using virtual multimedia resources, to innovate, stimulate and diversify areas of communication and interaction, facilitating nurses' autonomous and reflexive process of teaching and learning. This is an applied research, following the cyclical and interactive phases of designing, planning, developing and implementing. The educational proposal was developed on the TelEduc platform, using specific tools for content organization and communication between students and administrator.

The teaching modules were on the following themes: Module 1 - Fundamentals of the heart anatomy and physiology in newborns; Module 2 - Risk factors for the occurrence of cardiorespiratory arrest in newborns; Module 3 - Planning nursing care; Module 4 - Medications used in cardiopulmonary arrests in newborns; and Module 5 - Cardiorespiratory arrest care in newborns.

This study may contribute to innovating teaching in nursing from a virtual educational proposal on the important issue of newborn cardiopulmonary resuscitation care. Key words: Nursing informatics. Education, nursing. Educational technology.

In a country with vast educational needs, as the case of Brazil, and considering the dispersion of people in several geographical locations, it is mandatory to supply the educational needs in a society that has a growing demand for knowledge. In the information society, characterized by the exponential growth of knowledge, the education model should propose dynamic teaching that looks at students as active subjects capable of determining their self-learning, in addition to favoring experimentation, critical thinking and raising hypotheses, using interactive and participative strategies In this view, educational strategies must be adopted and should allow for having interactive learning and offer the necessary conditions for developing skills for research, deve3lopment, technical-scientific dissemination and knowledge development.

Information and Communication Technologies ICT are strategies that permit innovations in the educational process and to articulate theory, practice and research.

These technologies can be used from initial student education to their entrance to the work market, to continuous professional advancement, thus determining a new educational practice and qualitative differences in these processes 3. In regards to the social impact, including ICT in the teaching process can provide greater access to information and interaction between distant groups, besides demanding better professional preparation to manage these tools 4.

Furthermore, based on the integration of multiple information and communication technologies, virtual learning environments consist of computer systems available on the internet which have the purpose of offering support to educational activities that use several media, languages and resources making it possible to organize information, establish interactions between people and knowledge objects, create and socialize productions, with a view to achieve specific educational objectives 5.

Therefore, the particular feature of a virtual learning environment is to integrate several ICT and make it possible to manage all the resources used in teaching, and thus there is a need for a team with the following members:. In the discussion list the messages are socialized as in e-mails;.

In teaching, it can raise curiosity and deepen topics 6. It should be stressed that a virtual learning environment consists of information ecology 7 , i. As participants interrelate, they change the way they think at the same time they change their environment. Information ecology does not focus on technology, rather it focuses on the relationships that involve people and tools in the activity, characterized by a complex dynamics, by the diversity of spaces and opportunities of development, evolution and experiences.

According to some authors , technology-assisted teaching permits student education out of the conventional classroom environment with flexibility regarding the space requirements and class hours, as well as the time and pace of learning. It is observed that the individual development of students is important, and they should be considered as active subjects of their education, of knowledge development and overcoming physical and temporal distances in learning.

Although using technology does not solve problems regarding outdated education projects that are not in line with the students needs and the current working market, can trigger a process of thinking and restructuring of institutions and faculty regarding their educational practices, thus generating changes in the strategies and teaching tools Therefore, when using technology-assisted teaching, a common mistake made in conventional teaching should be avoided, i.

These new technologies, applied to learning allow for greater flexibility, creativity, dynamicity, interaction and communication in the teaching-learning process, encouraging students toward active participation in a constructivist perspective The participation in virtual learning environments means entering a virtual world in which communication occurs mainly through reading and interpreting text and hypertext materials, consisting of reading other people's written thoughts, or expressing your own thought through writing.

It also means to face diversity and particularities, exchange ideas and experiences, perform simulations, test hypotheses, solve problems and create new situations, becoming engaged in the collective construction of an information ecology, in which values, motivations, habits and practices are shared 5.

In this context, it is important to perform studies that involve the applicability of informatics in nursing education, helping to develop educational strategies that facilitate learning in a collaborative and constructivist perspective. In nursing, authors 12 show that the use of computer resources as an effective tool in the teaching-learning process and the implementation of that instrument in the educational environment has been positive despite the resistance from students and teachers.

These resistances are mostly related with the lack of basic knowledge in informatics, as well as the constant technological changes, which is a fact that can become a trouble to those who are against computer technology. Therefore, Nursing must seek technological preparation to use informatics, with an objective to explore its potentials and recognize its possibilities as a working instrument applied in teaching, in knowledge acquisition, in care services, in research and in nursing management Considering the referred information, we sought to develop proposal for education in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in newborns applied in a virtual teaching environment, with scientific grounding, and that will be made available by a public teaching institution.

This theme was chosen considering the scarcity of educational material on the topic and the need for preparing nurses to work in an emergency situation involving life risks, which requires safety, abilities and skills regarding the procedure. The care to newborns, especially in a situation or cardiopulmonary arrest has many particularities, which differentiate it from care to adults, requiring safe and efficient practice in a moment when there is a life at risk.

Therefore, flexible training and technical-scientific preparation for nurses, using multimedia resources, interaction and simulation exercises, may help to effectively reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality and improve the quality of health care delivered in emergency situations involving newborns. Virtual learning environments could provide access to information that would add value to the daily practice of nurses, in addition to promoting professional updates.

Due to the existence of several possibilities and potentialities of different technology resources it is important to plan and analyze new forms of teaching and learning by establishing educational goals as well as skills and abilities in the cognitive, psychomotor and attitudinal aspects, adjusting the use of computers to the objectives proposed To develop a proposal for interactive virtual education in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in newborns.

This study is an applied research, which resulted in a technological production, characterized by the development of a product, and referred to the creation of an educational proposal applied to a virtual learning environment.

Applied research is currently related with the development of new products or processes oriented to the needs of the market or to the solution of problems of immediate interest for the society The methodology for developing the educational proposal followed the cyclical and interactive stages of conceiving and planning, developing and implementing, as proposed by several researchers 4, It consists of a subgroup formed by two professors on specialized in health informatics and the other in obstetrical nursing, having worked in the Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, on nurse Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit specialist with previous work experience , one nursing undergraduate who has already attended classes in children's and women's health and one masters graduate specialist in intensive care nursing and experience in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units.

Conceiving and planning:. This stage consisted of the basis of the project for developing the virtual learning environment. In addition, the profile of the target audience was characterized, the theme to be addressed was chosen and the available resources were defined.

In the period from October to August , several meetings were held with the research group with a view to perform the bibliographic survey, create and evaluate the content, select resources and electronic addresses regarding the chosen theme and choose the environment to be used.

Also in this stage, the storyboard of the educational proposal was constructed. According to a previous study 17 , the storyboard is considered a draft of how the implementation will be organized, thus allowing for detailing the sequence of contents, the structure of navigation and the interface. The chosen target-audience consisted of nursing undergraduates, as per established during the study groups. The theme was chosen considering the scarcity of educational material on the topic and the need for professional preparation regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation in newborns.

Regarding the selection of content, the educational material adopted was developed by the graduate student from the research group, who authorized making it available as hypertext. The hypertext content was evaluated by the respective group members who were experts in the area. TelEduc is a distance learning support system that has communication tools that were designed to facilitate the development of activities based on knowledge development such as collaborative activities, with support from different materials, including texts, software and Internet references.

The interactions that occur in the TelEduc environment are registered with the purpose of allowing for formative evaluation by continuously following these registers, and by having students think critically about their learning process In addition, a bibliographic survey was performed on Bireme and Medline Pubmed Interface databases to select the studies that addressed the themes of the course modules, which were made available on the TelEduc tools.

The interesting links were also selected and posted in the virtual environment so students could explore. This stage involved the process of producing and digitalizing the media used in the virtual learning environment, according to the selection made in the stage of conceiving and planning, which was developed by the undergraduate.

The resources of the TelEduc platform include tools that permit to present information, post contents and allow for course participants to communicate among themselves. The tools are located on the left side of the screen. The tools can be used as presented below 19 :.

Communication tools:. In addition to the tools listed above, TelEduc has administration tools that are exclusive to educators, who can follow user attendance and see the interaction between course participants in the Discussion Forums and Chat tools. The goal proposed by TelEduc is that concepts, in any area of knowledge, should be learnt by solving problems, with the aid of different educational materials. TelEduc also offers a great possibility of intense communication between the participants of the course and a broad view of the work developed.

The system stores all information generated during a course, which can be recovered at any time Using these tools, the content was distributed into modules, which permit using several media and different resources offered by the platform. This final stage involved performing initial navigation tests and content evaluation regarding the use and presentation of the environment.

Therefore, in this stage pre-tests were performed to verify if media were working properly in the environment and to review the texts. All necessary corrections regarding the content and the texts were performed. The proposal on virtual educational in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in newborns was developed according to the described plan, with a view to prepare nursing undergraduates. Hence, students access the home page where the environment was developed, containing the weekly program.

By clicking on the Course Dynamics tool, students access the course objectives, the list of learning resources that will be used, the course program, and information about the evaluation, certification, and tutors. The class modules refer to the following themes: Module 1 - Fundamentals of heart anatomy and physiology in newborns; Module 2 - Risk factors for the occurrence of cardiopulmonary arrest in newborns; Module 3 - Planning nursing care; Module 4 - Medications used in cardiopulmonary arrest in newborns; and Module 5 - Cardiopulmonary arrest care in newborns, as shown in Figure 1.

The Support Material and the Readings work as a basis for discussions or group projects, helping students to deepen their knowledge: and include articles regarding the addressed theme, as well as several electronic addresses, as shown in Figure 2 :.

Figure 2 - Click to enlarge. Figure 3 - Click to enlarge. Each activity can be accessed by tutors, offering an overview of any activity that was not completed or not corrected. In addition, the proposed activities are divided into class modules, which contain questions regarding each one Figure 4 :. Figure 4 - Click to enlarge.

To see a question, tutors simply click on the dialogue box on the side, and choose see. Figure 5. Taking into consideration that the objective of the present study was to Develop a Proposal for Virtual Education in Cardiopulmonary Resuscit ation in Newborns , it is concluded that the points that determined the success of the project and the satisfaction in completing it was the group work, the quality of the educational material, the chosen learning-support platform and methodology.

The participation in the development of a distance-learning course using a virtual environment, organizing, planning and proposing activities, offers new possibilities of professional advancement.

On the other hand, it also poses challenges for developing skills to express thoughts and abilities in writing and for including new technologies in nursing education, stimulating the search for new experiences for this modality of distance learning.

In the current context of education, there is a demand for opinion-former professionals. Hence, there is a need for new teaching-learning practices using educational resources and technologies, encouraging and favoring the advancement and preparation of nurses and allowing for self-learning.

From this perspective it becomes evident that there is a need to understand and incorporate the virtual environment as an efficient educational device, and to use that knowledge as a strategy to add new experiences and values to nursing practice.

Finally, we believe this study may contribute with the innovation of nursing education, by means of a proposal for virtual education on a relevant theme, i. Rev PEC Curitiba. Chaves E. Barreto RG. Educ Pesq. Caetano KC. Almeida MEB. Porto Alegre: Artmed; Information ecologies [text on the Internet]. Cambridge: MIT Press;

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy and Physiology PDF free download

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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy and Physiology PDF free download

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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy Physiology Essentials

[PDF] Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials of Respiratory Care [Read] Full Ebook

Correspondence addressed to. The purpose of this study was to develop an educational proposal using virtual multimedia resources, to innovate, stimulate and diversify areas of communication and interaction, facilitating nurses' autonomous and reflexive process of teaching and learning. This is an applied research, following the cyclical and interactive phases of designing, planning, developing and implementing. The educational proposal was developed on the TelEduc platform, using specific tools for content organization and communication between students and administrator.

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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy and Physiology PDF free download

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Дэвид грустно вздохнул: - Потому-то я и звоню. Речь идет о нашей поездке. Нам придется ее отложить. - Что-о? - Сьюзан окончательно проснулась. - Прости.

Не было ни страха, ни ощущения своей значимости - исчезло. Он остался нагим - лишь плоть и кости перед лицом Господа. Я человек, - подумал .

Он был повсюду, постанывающий от удовольствия и жадно слизывающий мед с маленьких грудей Кармен Хуэрты. ГЛАВА 66 Беккер пересек зал аэропорта и подошел к туалету, с грустью обнаружив, что дверь с надписью CABALLEROS перегорожена оранжевым мусорным баком и тележкой уборщицы, уставленной моющими средствами и щетками. Он перевел взгляд на соседнюю дверь, с табличкой DAMAS, подошел и громко постучал. - Hola? - крикнул он, приоткрыв дверь.  - Con permiso.

Болван этот полицейский. Ну только подумайте. Усадить человека моих лет на мотоцикл.

 Спасибо. Джабба выдавил из себя смешок и попытался обратить все в шутку. - Если только Стратмор не придумал что-то особенное и не обошел мои фильтры. Повисла тягостная тишина. Когда Мидж заговорила, ее голос был мрачным: - Стратмор мог обойти фильтры.

Когда он шел к выходу по главному коридору, путь ему преградил охранник с телефонной трубкой в руке. - Мистер Беккер, подождите минутку. - В чем дело? - Беккер не рассчитывал, что все это займет так много времени, и теперь опаздывал на свой обычный субботний теннисный матч. Часовой пожал плечами.

Внезапно Беккера охватило чувство, которого он никогда прежде не испытывал. Словно по сигналу, поданному инстинктом выживания, все мышцы его тела моментально напряглись. Он взмыл в воздух в тот момент, когда раздался выстрел, и упал прямо на Меган. Пуля ударилась в стену точно над. - Mierda! - вскипел Халохот.

 А вы не думали о том, чтобы позвонить президенту. Стратмор кивнул: - Думал. Но решил этого не делать. Сьюзан так и подумала.


Brandon G. 09.12.2020 at 21:51

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