File Name: rationality and psychology in international politics .zip
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational — that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
This article focuses critically on realism as an International Relations IR theory family. It argues that realist theories share a particular view of human nature and that this view of human nature is flawed in several important respects. I begin by discussing the quality of human nature assumptions in realism and the way they are employed.
This chapter explores both the economic and psychological rationality of political choice. It begins by outlining the assumptions of rational choice theory and discussing variations on those assumptions to accommodate a more realistic individual psychology. It then evaluates the political attitudes and behavior of citizens in different contexts of decisionmaking. The chapter focuses specifically on the degree to which people make optimal i. Keywords: rationality , self-interest , political preferences , decision making , information processing , framing. Rational choice theory is both a normative standard and empirical model of behavior. As a theory of behavior, it predicts or prescribes how an individual will or should choose from alternative courses of action given his objectives and beliefs about the instrumental relationship between those alternatives and his goals.
I t is commonly assumed that the validity of any theory should be judged against some or all of the following requirements and evaluating criteria: 1 descriptive accuracy; 2 internal logical coherence; and 3 predictive accuracy. In the rational-cognitive debate in international relations, cognitive psychologists tend to stress the importance of descriptive accuracy, while rational choice theorists emphasize the internal logical coherence and high predictive power. These different views correspond to the commonly shared beliefs about the relative performance of the two approaches. It is generally believed that cognitive approaches outperform rational choice in their empirical descriptions, while the rational choice theory tends to be more successful in meeting the other two requirements. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Commonsensical understandings of rationality. Neuroscience, emotion, and computation. This chapter looks at the contribution that rational models of choice can make to foreign policy analysis. It then examines cognitive models that identify the boundaries to rationality in decision making. The chapter then looks at new research in neuroscience that recasts the role of rational models and highlights the importance of emotions.
Herbert A. Simon and the concept of rationality: boundaries and procedures. This paper discusses Herbert A. Simon's conception of rationality in two of its principal general definitions: bounded rationality and procedural rationality. It argues that the latter is the one that better synthesizes the author's view about rational behavior and that the former fills mainly a critical function. They are complementarily used by Simon in this sense.
Don't rely on these old notes in lieu of reading the literature, but they can jog your memory. As a grad student long ago, my peers and I collaborated to write and exchange summaries of political science research. I posted them to a wiki-style website. I cannot vouch for these notes' accuracy, nor can I even say who wrote them. If you have more recent summaries to add to this collection, send them my way I guess.
psychological approach to rationality may beat a rationalist one. Rational choice theorists and political psychologists agree that psychology.
Anarchy is said to be the foundational condition of the international system. Its equivalent at the level of individual human experience is the emotion of fear. Focussing on fear, this article presents a short review of the state of emotion research in International Relations IR and introduces pathways to apply theories of emotion in foreign policy analysis.
Political psychology is the study of psychological processes that shape political behavior and of the process by which political events influence the psychological reactions of individuals and groups. But it was not established as a formal academic field until , when the International Society of Political Psychology was founded. Despite the broad subject matter, membership remains relatively small.
Ему сразу же стало ясно, что высокое положение в тридцать восемь лет в АНБ нельзя получить за красивые глаза: Сьюзан Флетчер оказалась одной из умнейших женщин, каких ему только доводилось встречать. Обсуждая шифры и ключи к ним, он поймал себя на мысли, что изо всех сил пытается соответствовать ее уровню, - для него это ощущение было новым и оттого волнующим. Час спустя, когда Беккер уже окончательно опоздал на свой матч, а Сьюзан откровенно проигнорировала трехстраничное послание на интеркоме, оба вдруг расхохотались. И вот эти два интеллектуала, казалось бы, неспособные на вспышки иррациональной влюбленности, обсуждая проблемы лингвистической морфологии и числовые генераторы, внезапно почувствовали себя подростками, и все вокруг окрасилось в радужные тона. Сьюзан ни слова не сказала об истинной причине своей беседы с Дэвидом Беккером - о том, что она собиралась предложить ему место в Отделе азиатской криптографии.
Было ужасно жарко. - И вы уверены, что эта женщина - проститутка.