history and geography of uttar pradesh in hindi pdf Monday, December 7, 2020 10:45:06 PM

History And Geography Of Uttar Pradesh In Hindi Pdf

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The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts , with the capital being Lucknow.

Uttar Pradesh 2019: Population, History, Literacy and Facts

The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts , with the capital being Lucknow. On 9 November , a new state, Uttarakhand , was carved from the state's Himalayan hill region. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganges and Yamuna , join at Triveni Sangam in Allahabad and flow further east as Ganges.

Other prominent rivers are Gomti and Saryu. The forest cover in the state is 6. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana , Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and an international border with Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast.

Though long known for sugar production, the state's economy is now dominated by the services industry. The service sector comprises travel and tourism , hotel industry , real estate , insurance and financial consultancies. The High Court of the state is located in Allahabad. Inhabitants of the state are called either Awadhi , Bagheli , Bhojpuri , Braji , Bundeli , Kannauji , or Rohilkhandi depending upon their region of origin. Hinduism is practised by more than three-fourths of the population, with Islam being the next largest religious group.

Hindi is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state, along with Urdu. Uttar Pradesh was home to most of the mainstream political entities that have existed in ancient and medieval India including Maurya Empire , Harsha Empire , Mughal Empire , Delhi Sultanate , Gupta Empire as well as many other empires.

At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were three major princely states in Uttar Pradesh — Ramgadi, Rampur and Benares. The state houses several holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres. Uttar Pradesh has three World Heritage sites and ranks first tourist destinations in India. Uttar Pradesh has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as Ayodhya , Aligarh , Agra , Kushinagar , Allahabad , Varanasi and Vrindavan.

Modern human hunter-gatherers have been in Uttar Pradesh [14] [15] [16] since between around [17] 85, and 72, years ago. Villages with domesticated cattle, sheep, and goats and evidence of agriculture began as early as BC, and gradually developed between c.

Out of the sixteen mahajanapadas lit. Control over Gangetic plains region was of vital importance to the power and stability of all of India's major empires, including the Maurya — BC , Kushan AD — , Gupta — , and Gurjara-Pratihara — empires. Parts or all of Uttar Pradesh were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for years — Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty —90 , the Khalji dynasty — , the Tughlaq dynasty — , the Sayyid dynasty —51 , and the Lodi dynasty — In the Mughal era, Uttar Pradesh became the heartland of the empire.

The conflict between Rohillas and Marathas came to an end on 18 December with the arrest of Ghulam Qadir, the grandson of Najeeb-ud-Daula, who was defeated by the Maratha general Mahadaji Scindia. Starting from Bengal in the second half of the 18th century, a series of battles for north Indian lands finally gave the British East India Company accession over the state's territories.

Due to dissatisfaction with British rule, a serious rebellion erupted in various parts of North India, which became known as the Indian Rebellion of ; Bengal regiment 's sepoy stationed at Meerut cantonment , Mangal Pandey , is widely considered as its starting point.

In , the capital of the province was shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow. The All India Kisan Sabha AIKS was formed at the Lucknow session of the Congress on 11 April , with the famous nationalist Swami Sahajanand Saraswati elected as its first President, [53] in order to address the longstanding grievances of the peasantry and mobilise them against the zamindari landlords attacks on their occupancy rights, thus sparking the Farmers movements in India.

Ballia became known as "Baghi Ballia" Rebel Ballia for this significant role in India's independence movement. After India's independence, the United Provinces were renamed "Uttar Pradesh" "northern province" , preserving UP as the acronym, [56] [57] with the change coming into effect on 24 January Despite its political influence since ancient times, its poor record in economic development and administration, poor governance, organised crime and corruption have kept it amongst India's backward states.

The state has been affected by repeated episodes of caste and communal violence. It is situated on the northern spout of India and shares an international boundary with Nepal. The Himalayas border the state on the north, [61] but the plains that cover most of the state are distinctly different from those high mountains. The Bhabhar tract gives place to the terai area which is covered with tall elephant grass and thick forests interspersed with marshes and swamps.

The terai runs parallel to the bhabhar in a thin strip. The entire alluvial plain is divided into three sub-regions. These districts have the highest density of population which gives the lowest per capita land. The other two regions, the central and the western are comparatively better with a well-developed irrigation system.

The state has more than 32 large and small rivers; of them, the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati , Sarayu , Betwa , and Ghaghara are larger and of religious importance in Hinduism.

Cultivation is intensive. There is intensive cultivation on terraced hill slopes, but irrigation facilities are deficient. It has rich forests, cutting across it are innumerable streams which swell into raging torrents during the monsoon. Uttar Pradesh has a humid subtropical climate and experiences four seasons. After summer it is the south-west monsoon which brings most of the rain here, while in winters rain due to the western disturbances and north-east monsoon also contribute small quantities towards the overall precipitation of the state.

As such, these two phenomena, floods and droughts, commonly recur in the state. In summers, hot winds called loo blow all across Uttar Pradesh. The state has an abundance of natural resources. Species in the state with respect to India, Uttar Pradesh is a habitat for 4. Medicinal plants are found in the wild [93] and are also grown in plantations.

The Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands support cattle. Moist deciduous trees grow in the upper Gangetic plain, especially along its riverbanks.

This plain supports a wide variety of plants and animals. The Ganges and its tributaries are the habitat of large and small reptiles, amphibians , fresh-water fish, and crabs.

Scrubland trees such as the Babool Vachellia nilotica and animals such as the Chinkara Gazella bennettii are found in the arid Vindhyas. Tropical dry deciduous forests are found in all parts of the plains.

Since much sunlight reaches the ground, shrubs and grasses are also abundant. Tropical thorny forests, consisting of widely scattered thorny trees, mainly babool are mostly found in the southwestern parts of the state. Uttar Pradesh is known for its extensive avifauna. Other animals in the state include reptiles such as lizards , cobras , kraits , and gharials.

Among the wide variety of fishes, the most common ones are mahaseer and trout. Some animal species in Uttar Pradesh have gone extinct in recent years, while others, like the lion from the Gangetic Plain, the rhinoceros from the Terai region, Ganges river dolphin primarily found in the Ganges have become endangered. Uttar Pradesh is divided into 75 districts under these 18 divisions: []. The following is a list of top districts from state of Uttar Pradesh by population, ranked in respect of all India.

Each district is governed by a District Magistrate, who is an Indian Administrative Service officer appointed Government of Uttar Pradesh and reports to Divisional Commissioner of the division in which his district falls. Each district is divided into subdivisions, governed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate , and again into Blocks. Blocks consists of panchayats village councils and town municipalities.

Uttar Pradesh has more metropolitan cities than any other state in India. In , state's cabinet ministers headed by the then Chief Minister Mayawati announced the separation of Uttar Pradesh into four different states of Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Avadh Pradesh and Paschim Pradesh with twenty-eight, seven, twenty-three and seventeen districts, respectively, later the proposal was turned down when Akhilesh Yadav lead Samajwadi Party came to power in the election.

Uttar Pradesh has a large population and a high population growth rate. The population density is people per square kilometre, making it one of the most densely populated states in the country. The sex ratio in , at women to men, was lower than the national figure of The state is also experiencing widening consumption inequality. Religion in Uttar Pradesh []. As per census , Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India, is home to the highest numbers of both Hindus and Muslims.

In the literacy rate in Uttar Pradesh stood at Languages of Uttar Pradesh from census []. Hindi is the official language of Uttar Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population Urdu is given the status of a second official language, spoken by 5. The state is governed by a parliamentary system of representative democracy. Uttar Pradesh is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses: the Vidhan Sabha Legislative Assembly and the Vidhan Parishad Legislative Council.

The Legislative Council is a permanent body of members with one-third 33 members retiring every two years. Since Uttar Pradesh sends the largest number of legislators to the national Parliament, it is often considered to be one of the most important states with respect to Indian politics. Uttar Pradesh government is a democratically elected body in India with the Governor as its constitutional head and is appointed by the President of India for a five-year term.

The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the Chief Minister and his council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. The Secretariat headed by the Chief Secretary assists the council of ministers. Awasthy is the current Director General of Police.

For purpose of administration, the state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts. Divisional Commissioner , an IAS officer is the head of administration on the divisional level.

There are 8 Police Zones, 18 Police Ranges and 75 police districts in the state. A Superintendent of Police , an IPS officer and assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. The judiciary in the state consists of the Allahabad High Court in Allahabad , the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court , district courts and session courts in each district or Sessions Division, and lower courts at the tehsil level.

Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services and Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service is another vital part of the judiciary of Uttar Pradesh. The district court of Etawah and the district court of Kanpur Dehat of the judiciary at Uttar Pradesh is controlled by the District Judge.

Politicians from Uttar Pradesh have played prominent roles in Union Government of India with some of them having held the high positions of Prime Minister.

Uttar Pradesh has been called India's under-achiever because it has provided India with eight prime ministers while remaining a poor state. National Crime Records Bureau data says, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of crimes among any state in India, but due to its high population , the actual per capita crime rate is low. Uttar Pradesh also reported the highest number of deaths—23,—due to road and rail accidents in , according to NCRB data.

History and Culture of UttarPradesh

Therefore, directly prepare Modern History with any one of the following depending on your convenience:. Multiple revision is essential. They also asked some assertion reasoning type questions. Prepare following things:. Use internet to dig information related Census , with specific reference to Uttar Pradesh. Most of the Government schemes are covered in my following articles click on the following links. As you can see very basic level questions are asked.

Uttar Pradesh , the most populous and fourth largest state of India. It lies in the north-central part of the country. Uttar Pradesh is bordered by the state of Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north, the state of Bihar to the east, the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast, the state of Madhya Pradesh to the south, and the states of Rajasthan and Haryana and the national capital territory of Delhi to the west. Its capital is Lucknow , in the west-central part of the state. Area 93, square miles , square km. The state can be divided into two physiographic regions: the central plains of the Ganges Ganga River and its tributaries part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the southern uplands.

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of nearly million people. Uttar Pradesh shares its borders with Nepal on the north, the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the northwest, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan on the west, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand on the southeast, and Bihar on the east. In , domestic tourist arrivals in the state reached Foreign tourist arrivals crossed over 4. As of November , Uttar Pradesh had an installed power generation capacity of 26, Energy requirement in the state was , million units MU between

Places of historical importance: Piparhava, Kaushambi, Shravasti, Sarnath (​varanasi), kushinagar, Chitrakoot, Lucknow, Agra, Jhansi, Meerut etc. Uttar Pradesh.


The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts , with the capital being Lucknow. On 9 November , a new state, Uttarakhand , was carved from the state's Himalayan hill region. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganges and Yamuna , join at Triveni Sangam in Allahabad and flow further east as Ganges.

Не знаю, как оно правильно произносится… Густа… Густафсон. Ролдан слышал имя впервые, но у него были клиенты из самых разных уголков мира, и они никогда не пользовались настоящими именами. - Как он выглядит - на фото.

Шифры, которые невозможно взломать. Банкиры, брокеры, террористы, шпионы - один мир, один алгоритм. Анархия.

Sample questions from earlier exam

Это означало, что на его, Халохота, стороне фактор внезапности, хотя вряд ли он в этом так уж нуждается, у него и так все козыри на руках. Ему на руку была даже конструкция башни: лестница выходила на видовую площадку с юго-западной стороны, и Халохот мог стрелять напрямую с любой точки, не оставляя Беккеру возможности оказаться у него за спиной, В довершение всего Халохот двигался от темноты к свету. Расстрельная камера, мысленно усмехнулся. Халохот оценил расстояние до входа. Семь ступеней.

 Верно, Шерлок Холмс. - Забавное имя. Сам придумал. - А кто же еще! - ответил тот с гордостью.

District Maharajganj

 - Предложение.


Stefan A. 11.12.2020 at 06:18

Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With roughly million inhabitants, it is the most Official, Hindi The forest cover in the state is % of the state's geographical area. Uttar Pradesh has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as Ayodhya, Aligarh, Agra, Kushinagar, Allahabad.

Caresse P. 13.12.2020 at 07:00

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India.

Edward D. 14.12.2020 at 17:16

The history of Uttar Pradesh is very ancient and interesting.