File Name: signs and symptoms of colon cancer .zip
Metrics details. Bowel symptoms are often considered an indication to perform colonoscopy to identify or rule out colorectal cancer or precancerous polyps. Investigation of bowel symptoms for this purpose is recommended by numerous clinical guidelines.
However, a GP would only expect to see one new presentation each year. Referral guidelines outlining clinical scenarios of high risk have been published. These aim to help GPs select patients for rapid investigation. The purpose of this study was to review the presenting features of colorectal cancer in primary care, using the basic structure of the UK Referral Guidelines for Suspected Cancer. Two symptoms have a high predictive value for cancer: rectal bleeding and change in bowel habit towards increased looseness or increased stool frequency.
The stage refers to the extent of the cancer and how far it has spread. Staging colon cancer is essential to determine the best treatment approach. Colon cancer is typically staged based on a system established by the American Joint Committee on Cancer called the TNM staging system. Within each category, the disease is classified even further and assigned a number or a letter to indicate the extent of the disease. These assignments are based on the structure of the colon, as well as how far the cancer has grown through the layers of the colon wall. Stage 1 colon cancer indicates the cancer has grown into the inner layer of the colon, called the mucosa, to the next layer of the colon, called the submucosa.
Colorectal cancer might not cause symptoms right away. In fact, many of the symptoms of colorectal cancer can also be caused by other problems, such as infection, hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome, or inflammatory bowel disease. It's important to get checked if you have any of following problems. In many cases, people who have these symptoms do not have cancer. But you should talk to your doctor if you have any of them so the cause can be found and treated.
Whole-body symptoms like unintentional weight loss, loss of appetite, or unusual tiredness may also occur in colon cancer. Iron deficiency anemia and jaundice, which are complications of colon cancer, may also develop. Many people think of the small intestine as being "on top" and the large intestine as being down below, but there is actually overlap, and much of the large intestine lies above the small intestine. The colon is shaped like a lean-to, with the ascending colon traveling up the right side of your abdomen, the transverse colon traveling horizontally across your upper abdomen, and the descending colon traveling from just under your ribs on the left, down to the rectum and anus. In the early stages of colon cancer, people often have no symptoms. It's key to note, as well, that the symptoms mentioned below are by no means a "slam dunk" clue of a colon cancer diagnosis. This is why being evaluated by your doctor is critical.
Colorectal cancer CRC , also known as bowel cancer , colon cancer , or rectal cancer , is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum parts of the large intestine. Most colorectal cancers are due to old age and lifestyle factors, with only a small number of cases due to underlying genetic disorders. Bowel cancer may be diagnosed by obtaining a sample of the colon during a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs decrease the risk. Treatments used for colorectal cancer may include some combination of surgery, radiation therapy , chemotherapy and targeted therapy. The signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer depend on the location of the tumor in the bowel , and whether it has spread elsewhere in the body metastasis. The classic warning signs include: worsening constipation , blood in the stool, decrease in stool caliber thickness , loss of appetite, loss of weight, and nausea or vomiting in someone over 50 years old.
Cancer refers to any one of a large number of diseases characterized by the development of abnormal cells that divide uncontrollably and have the ability to infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue. Cancer often has the ability to spread throughout your body. Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the world. But survival rates are improving for many types of cancer, thanks to improvements in cancer screening and cancer treatment. Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any persistent signs or symptoms that concern you. If you don't have any signs or symptoms, but are worried about your risk of cancer, discuss your concerns with your doctor. Ask about which cancer screening tests and procedures are appropriate for you.
The colon and rectum are part of the large intestine. Colorectal cancer occurs when tumors form in the lining of the large intestine. It is common in both men and women. The risk of developing colorectal cancer rises after age
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The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions.