File Name: difference between primary and secondary sources .zip
Primary and Secondary Sources. Primary Sources.
Often they are created during the time period which is being studied correspondence, diaries, newspapers, government documents, art but they can also be produced later by eyewitnesses or participants memoirs, oral histories.
Imagine if the information world we live in today had no categories, no groupings, or labeling of any informational items. How would we find information? How would we organize information?
Primary sources were either created during the time period being studied or were created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied as in the case of memoirs. They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period. A secondary source is a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event or phenomenon.
It is generally at least one step removed from the event is often based on primary sources. What is a Primary Source? Primary sources are the historical documents used by historians as evidence. Examples of primary sources include diaries, personal journals, government records, court records, property records, newspaper articles, military reports, military rosters, and many other things.
In contrast, a secondary source is the typical history book which may discuss a person, event or other historical topic. A good secondary source uses primary sources as evidence. The key to determining whether an item may be considered to be a primary source is to ask how soon after the event was the information recorded. This can be a problem with an autobiography, memoir, reminiscence, etc. Your history professor will disallow most or all of these as primary sources.
Information about finding, using, evaluating and citing them is also included. Site developed by the American Library Association. American History eBooks Primary Sources. Use the following criteria to determine the reliability and creditibility of the information found on Websites used in your research. Who: Who is the author or sponsor of the website? Is that person or organization named?
Is any supporting documentation available? What: What is the mission or purpose of the website? Is it clearly articulated?
What kinds of materials are on the website? Are they properly cited and acknowledged? What is the document format on the web? Where: Where is the site located? Is there a physical address with phone number and email address for a contact person? Does the site have a. Why: Why does the site exist? Does it have a point of view or opinion? Is it pedagogical or polemic? Does it want something from you? It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Primary v. Secondary Sources. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period A secondary source is a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event or phenomenon. Guidelines for Evaluating Primary Sources Use the following criteria to determine the reliability and creditibility of the information found on Websites used in your research.
Subjects: History , Humanities.
Published on June 20, by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on February 26, Primary sources provide raw information and first-hand evidence. Examples include interview transcripts, statistical data, and works of art. A primary source gives you direct access to the subject of your research. Secondary sources provide second-hand information and commentary from other researchers.
Both primary and secondary sources are useful and can help you learn about the past. In the strictest definition, primary sources are usually considered to be items like personal letters, diaries, records or other documents created during the period under study. But primary sources can also include photographs, jewelry, works of art, architecture, literature, music, clothing, and other artifacts. In a broader definition, primary sources can also be considered materials that provide first-hand accounts of the events, practices, or conditions you are researching. In general, these are documents that were created by the witnesses or first recorders of these events at about the time they occurred, and include diaries, letters, reports, photographs, creative works, financial records, memos, and newspaper articles to name just a few types. Primary sources might also include first-hand accounts that were documented later, such as autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories. They usually interpret those events through the lens of the time period in which they are written.
Published on June 20, by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on February 26, Primary sources provide raw information and first-hand evidence. Examples include interview transcripts, statistical data, and works of art. A primary source gives you direct access to the subject of your research.
Primary sources provide a first-hand account of an event or time period and are considered to be authoritative. They represent original thinking, reports on discoveries or events, or they can share new information. Often these sources are created at the time the events occurred but they can also include sources that are created later. They are usually the first formal appearance of original research. Secondary sources involve analysis, synthesis, interpretation, or evaluation of primary sources.
These sources are contemporary to the events and people described. Whether a resource can be considered a primary source depends heavily on your specific research question and on the context the who, what, when, where, and why of the source you are examining. To determine whether something can be considered a primary source, first consider your research question: Who or what are you researching? What time period are you focusing on?
Шум генераторов, расположенных восемью этажами ниже, звучал сегодня в ее ушах необычайно зловеще. Сьюзан не любила бывать в шифровалке в неурочные часы, поскольку в таких случаях неизменно чувствовала себя запертой в клетке с гигантским зверем из научно-фантастического романа. Она ускорила шаги, чтобы побыстрее оказаться в кабинете шефа. К рабочему кабинету Стратмора, именуемому аквариумом из-за стеклянных стен, вела узкая лестница, поднимавшаяся по задней стене шифровалки. Взбираясь по решетчатым ступенькам, Сьюзан смотрела на массивную дубовую дверь кабинета, украшенную эмблемой АНБ, на которой был изображен могучий орел, терзающий когтями старинную отмычку. За этой дверью находился один из самых великих людей, которых ей довелось знать. Пятидесятишестилетний коммандер Стратмор, заместитель оперативного директора АНБ, был для нее почти как отец.
У нас были бы красивые дети, - подумал. - Чем ты занята? - спросил Хейл, пробуя иной подход. Сьюзан ничего не ответила. - Я вижу, ты выдающийся командный игрок. Может быть, можно взглянуть? - Он встал и начал обходить круг терминалов, двигаясь по направлению к .
Красная, белая и синяя. Я нашел. В его голове смешались мысли о кольце, о самолете Лирджет-60, который ждал его в ангаре, и, разумеется, о Сьюзан. В тот момент, когда он поравнялся с сиденьем, на котором сидела девушка, и подумал, что именно ей скажет, автобус проехал под уличным фонарем, на мгновение осветившим лицо обладателя трехцветной шевелюры.
Ровно год назад он разбил здесь себе голову. Сегодня годовщина. Беккер кивнул, плохо соображая, какая тут связь.
Затем он снял наружную защелку в форме бабочки, снова огляделся вокруг и потянул дверцу на. Она была небольшой, приблизительно, наверное, метр на метр, но очень тяжелой. Когда люк открылся, Чатрукьян невольно отпрянул.
Бринкерхофф стоял точно завороженный и, не в силах унять дрожь, стукался лбом о стекло. Затем, охваченный паникой, помчался к двери.
Whether conducting research in the social sciences, humanities especially history , arts, or natural sciences, the ability to distinguish between primary and secondary source material is essential.Azacennut1951 17.12.2020 at 22:36
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Primary sources were either created during the time period being studied or were created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied as in the case of memoirs.