File Name: henri bergson duration and simultaneity .zip
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Henri Bergson — was one of the most famous and influential French philosophers of the late 19th century-early 20th century. Although his international fame reached cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the second World War. Many philosophers today think that this concept of multiplicity, despite its difficulty, is revolutionary. It is revolutionary because it opens the way to a reconception of community. Bergson was born in Paris on October 18, ; he was the second of seven children of a Polish Father and English mother; both of his parents were Jewish. Bergson was a notably exceptional pupil throughout his childhood.
Bergson sought to improve upon inadequacies he perceived in the philosophy of Herbert Spencer , due, he believed, to Spencer's lack of comprehension of mechanics , which led Bergson to the conclusion that time eluded mathematics and science. For the individual, time may speed up or slow down, whereas, for science, it would remain the same. Hence Bergson decided to explore the inner life of man, which is a kind of duration, neither a unity nor a quantitative multiplicity. It can only be grasped through a simple intuition of the imagination. It is used as a defense of free will in a response to Immanuel Kant , who believed free will was only possible outside time and space.
Although part of the debate seemed to deal with technical details e. As introduction to the Bergson-Einstein debate, I like to sketch a frame of reference related to two keywords in the debate consciousness and time and related to the year Regarding time I write a bit about different philosophical approaches of time: substantialism, relationalism and idealism. Before an impression is given of the debate between Bergson and Einstein, I present some information about the year What follows are some keypoints in the debate between Bergson and Einstein and this sketch ends with some conclusions.
This question is rehearsed in Division Two of Being and Time. My claim is that the fundamental insight into the nature of time revealed by the encounter between Bergson and Einstein is that time extemporizes itself. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve.
The debate between Einstein and Bergson is a salient episode in the history of modern physics and a telling example of the interaction between science and philosophy. This paper initially discusses five reasons why Bergson criticised Einstein for giving up absolute time. He understood temporal passage as creation of new existence, anticipating what later became known as the growing block theory of time.
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