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Meaning And Nature Of Sociology Of Education Pdf

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This article discusses the trend and nature of educational sociology by an analysis of the four concepts composing the word, Kyoiku-shakaigaku , a Japanese term equivalent to English, educational sociology. They are 1 kyoiku education , 2 shakai society , 3 shakaigaku sociology , and 4 gaku science or discipline 1 In contrast to traditional pedagogy, the subject of educational sociology is the broadest concept of kyoiku education. Here education refers to not only deliberate and formal but also indeliberate and informal education. Thus out-of-school as well as school education, and andragogy as well as pedagogy are studied by educational sociology. This is relevant especially in this age of life-long education.


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Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Mporananayo Noel. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Content IntroductionIn our life, we get everyday challenges. To find solutions for those challenges, we learn basing on their effects and try to overcome them.

We meet new friends; we acquire new actions from them. We talk to parents or relatives, we gain something new. That how we learn, how we get educated. Any individual can learn very little by himself. Others play a very important role and contribute a lot to his learning process.

The presence of other persons is important because a person learns from the knowledge gained by others. Therefore the process of getting education is always a social process. Meaning of SociologySociology is a social science that studies society and the individual in perspective of Society. Sociology can be defined as the study of man and his environment in their relation with each other. The word Sociology is derived from the combination of the Latin sociusmeaning "companion" and the Greek logos -meaning "the study of".

So the word literally means the study of companionship, or social relations. It is the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society. Sociology as a field of discipline is generic and umbrella in nature as it deals with the totality of human interaction and examination.

It is a systematic study of social behaviours and human groups. It investigates primarily the influence of social relationships on people's attitudes and behaviours and on how societies are established and changed. To a lay man, sociology is the study of man's interaction within the society but it extends beyond that as it deals with the organization and control of man's behaviours and attitudes within the society.

As a field of study, sociology has an extremely broad scope because the society comprises of several sub systems with inherent fragmentations of component parts in each of them for sociological considerations.

Sociology is concerned about social facts in the economy, education, legal, security, politics, medical, religion, family, technology, sports and so on.

Within the province of these sub-systems both the structural aspects of human society and every type of social relationship are being examined. Sociology grew out of the social, political, economic, and technological revolutions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. For example, the Industrial Revolution that took place from up to , had tremendously changed old traditions and necessitated new ways of perceiving and examining the social world, thus in the mids sociology emerged in Western Europe as a distinct discipline.

Meaning of EducationIn its broad sense, "education refers to any act or experience that has formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual In its technical sense, education is the process by which society, through schools, colleges, universities, and other institutions, deliberately transmits its cultural heritage -its accumulated knowledge, values, and skills -from one generation to another".

Using the term education as defined in the technical sense, makes us limit our thought to the context of teachers instructing students. Teachers will need to understand a particular subject or subjects to convey its knowledge to students, which with the passing of knowledge allow students to grow into useful members of society.

Based on the Article 13 of the United Nations International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights of , the right of educationist considered as a basic human right. However, education is a broad concept, referring to all experiences in which students can learn something: a Instruction: refers to the intentional facilitation of learning toward identified goals, delivered either by an instructor or other forms; b Teaching refers to the actions of a real live instructor designed to impart learning to the student; and c Training refers to learning with a view toward preparing learners with specific knowledge, skills, or abilities that can be applied immediately upon completion.

Globally, education can be divided into three mainstreams: Primary or elementary educationThis is the first few years of formal learning. Generally, six or seven years of schooling starting at the age of five or six years old. This varies according to countries. Secondary educationThis Consists of the second years of formal education that occurs during adolescence or the teenage years of an individual.

The purpose of secondary education can be to give common knowledge, to prepare for higher education, or to train directly students in a profession. It normally includes undergraduate and postgraduate education, as well as vocational education and training and results in the receipt of certificates, diplomas, or academic degrees. For many, education is understood to be a means of overcoming handicaps, achieving greater equality and acquiring wealth and status for all by developing every individual to their fullest potential Sargent, Students can be motivated by giving them aspirations for progress and a better life.

Therefore, education is perceived as a place where children can develop according to their unique needs and potentialities Schofield, In Sociology, education can be simply explained as an activity which goes on in a society where its aims and methods depend on the nature of the society in which it takes place.

It is to make an individual understand the new society growing up around him of which he is an essential member. Education in the specific term is a means of making individuals understand their society. Sociology of EducationSociology of Education may be defined as the scientific analysis of the social processes and social patterns involved in the educational system.

Brookover and Gottlieb consider that -this assumes education is a combination of social acts and that sociology is an analysis of human interaction. Educational process goes on in a formal as well as in informal situations. Sociological analysis of the human interaction in education may include both situations and might lead to the development of scientific generalizations of human relations in the educational system. The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes.

It is most concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher, further, adult, and continuing education. It is a philosophical as well as a sociological concept, denoting ideologies, curricula, and pedagogical techniques of the inculcation and management of knowledge and the social reproduction of personalities and cultures.

It is concerned with the relationships, activities and reactions of the teachers and students in the classroom. It emphasizes sociological problems in the realm of education. Relationship between Education and SociologyEmile Durkheim was the first person who indicated the need for a sociological approach to education.

He considered education -to be essentially social in character and in its functions and that as a result the theory of education relates more clearly to sociology than any other science. He emphasized that education is not a static phenomenon but a dynamic and ever-changing process. Educational sociology is by definition a discipline which studies education sociologically, with the premise that it recognizes education as a social fact, a process and an institution, having a social function and being determined socially.

Educational sociology could appear only when it accepted the social nature of education. Importance of Sociology of EducationEvery society has its own changing sociocultural needs and requires an education to meet these needs. Today's needs are conservation of resources, environmental protection, global citizenship etc. Therefore education caters towards meeting of these different needs. Since the needs of the society change education also changes.

Hence there is need for studying sociology of education. It helps in understanding Work of School and Teachers and its relation to society, social progress and development Sociology helps in the process of education in several ways.

One way is that sociology represents education. The study of how people and societies interact within one another and themselves is, in part, the essence of education. The process of teaching and learning is a social process-teacher and students, students with one another, both with people outside of the classroom and bringing those experiences into the classroom setting-are all examples of how our social interactions impact our learning.

Effective teaching and learning is not an isolated process. Students enter the classroom with their own senses of reality, experience, and narratives and teachers have to acknowledge and integrate this into the classroom setting and the learning process.

The notion of students entering a classroom and divorcing it from their own social experiences is not an effective paradigm in the modern setting. Perhaps, this is because students have greater interactions on a social level with the proliferation of information technology and socially interactive networking.

They bring this cultural capital into the classroom and teachers have to strive to understand this sociological element into the process of teaching and learning. Additionally, students' backgrounds demand that teachers comprehend how different societies interact within one other in order to maximize learning.

The heterogeneous classroom is one predicated upon different modes of social interaction, and a teachers' understanding of this sociological component could be a defining in determining success or failure in the reciprocal process of teaching and learning.

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Western Europe was rocked by technical, economic, and social changes that forever changed the social order. Science and technology were developing rapidly. James Watt invented the steam engine in , and in Joseph Lister discovered that an antiseptic barrier could be placed between a wound and germs in the atmosphere to inhibit infection. These and other scientific developments spurred social changes and offered hope that scientific methods might help explain the social as well as the natural world.

This trend was part of a more general growth in rationalism. By the late nineteenth century, the old order was collapsing "under the twin blows of industrialism and revolutionary democracy" Nisbet, Mechanical industry was growing, and thousands of people were migrating to cities to work in the new factories. People once rooted in the land and social communities where they farmed found themselves crowded into cities.

The traditional authority of the church, the village, and the family were being undermined by impersonal factory and city life. Origins and development of Sociology of EducationIn the recent years education has become the major interest to some sociologists. As a result a new branch of sociology called "sociology of education" has become established.

In seeking an understanding of the inspiration for this academic field, Mehan writes, "Marx, Weber, and Durkheim the "founding fathers" or "holy trinity" of sociology , each in their own way, was driven by an appraisal of and attempt to remedy the malaise engendered by modernity: alienation, inequality, hyperrationality, domination, anomie.

Although Durkheim's omnipresent position in the sociology of education is hard to deny, the current leaders in the sociology of education place a far greater emphasis on the inspiration they have found in Marx and Weber.

Steven Brint writes, "Reading Max Weber was the decisive intellectual experience of my life. But, it was not just books.

Rebellion, in daily life and in art, was already displacing indifference and what we learned to call "conformity" … To have a reflexive critical stance toward whatever was going on, whatever was being taken for granted as natural and better, was something I seemed to have imbibed early on, and which I brought to the intellectual work that has drawn my attention for so long. Many of the current leaders in the sociology of education came of age in a period of time when the works of Bowles and Gintis and Coleman were gaining prominence.

All three of these scholars brought a heightened attention to conflict theory and the inequalities defining the modern education system.

Sociology of Education: Theoretical and Conceptual Perspectives

Issues in African Education pp Cite as. T he objective of this first chapter is to provide an understanding of the ways in which educational systems, structures, and processes connect with various aspects of society, including dominant values, political goals, and ideologies. In the first section of this chapter we give a definition of sociology; many of the terms and concepts in sociology of education come directly from sociology. The main part of the chapter then provides a general outline of the functions of schooling, several of which lie outside our taken-for-granted assumptions about the purposes of education. Next comes a discussion of the ways in which education systems vary worldwide. Finally, the reader will find a thumbnail sketch of the dominant theories in sociology of education.


The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher , further , adult , and continuing education. Education is seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterised by aspirations for progress and betterment. Social interactions between people through education is always causing further development no matter what age they are. It is also perceived as one of the best means of achieving greater social equality.

Read this article to learn about definitions, development and scope of Sociology! The term Sociology was coined by Auguste Comte, a French philosopher, in Sociology is the youngest of all the Social Sciences.

Sociology , a social science that studies human societies, their interactions, and the processes that preserve and change them. It does this by examining the dynamics of constituent parts of societies such as institutions, communities , populations, and gender, racial, or age groups. Sociology also studies social status or stratification, social movements , and social change , as well as societal disorder in the form of crime, deviance , and revolution.

The Nature and Role of Education

А пока сваливай-ка ты отсюда домой. Сегодня же суббота. Найди себе какого-нибудь парня да развлекись с ним как следует. Она снова вздохнула. - Постараюсь, Джабба. Поверь мне, постараюсь изо всех сил.

Я был уверен, что он тебе все рассказал. Сьюзан ощутила угрызения совести. - Я тоже хватила через край. Извините. Дэвид - это отличная кандидатура.

 - Он нацелен на фильтры безопасности. Фонтейн побледнел. Он, конечно, понял, чем это грозит: червь сожрет фильтры, содержащие информацию в тайне, и без них она станет доступна всем без исключения. - Нам необходимо отключиться от Интернета, - продолжил Джабба.  - Приблизительно через час любой третьеклассник с модемом получит высший уровень допуска к американской секретной информации. Фонтейн погрузился в раздумья.

Дэвид на экране застыл в глубокой задумчивости. - Разница, - бормотал он себе под нос.  - Разница между U235 и U238.


Logistilla A. 17.12.2020 at 09:35

After reading this chapter, you will be able to.

Iven B. 17.12.2020 at 13:07

Sociology- Meaning, Scope and nature, Importance of its study.

Andrea B. 23.12.2020 at 21:30

Educational sociology is by definition a discipline which studies education sociologically, with the premise that it recognizes education as a social fact, a process and an institution, having a social function and being determined socially.