File Name: water content of fruits and vegetables .zip
While high water content is loosely associated with higher values of macronutrients such as protein, it is not necessarily associated with vitamin and mineral content. This project is about determining the water content of fruits and vegetables and determining whether it is related to the nutritional value of the food.
The dry matter or dry weight is a measurement of the mass of something when completely dried. The dry matter of plant and animal material consists of all its constituents excluding water.
Food Analysis pp Cite as. Moisture determination is one of the most important and most widely used measurements in the processing and testing of foods. Since the amount of dry matter in a food is inversely related to the amount of moisture it contains, moisture content is of direct economic importance to the processor and the consumer. Of even greater significance, however, is the effect of moisture on the stability and quality of foods. Grain that contains too much water is subject to rapid deterioration from mold growth, heating, insect damage, and sprouting.
Every system in your body depends on water. Water regulates body temperatures, eliminates toxins, carries nutrients and oxygen to the cells, and provides a moist environment for body tissues and joints. Potassium is the predominant positively charged electrolyte in body cells. The flow of potassium and sodium in and out of cells maintains the normal functioning of the heart, brain, kidney and skeletal muscles. Potassium is important for muscle contraction and the rhythm of the heart. The majority of potassium in the body is stored within the cells, so small changes in the concentration of potassium in the bloodstream can have serious health consequences.
Food preservation methods such as drying, freezing and adding salt or sugar work by lowering the available moisture in foods. Moisture in foods occurs in two forms: 1 water bound to ingredients in the food proteins, salt, sugars , and 2 free or unbound water that is available for microbial growth. Water activity Aw describes water available for microbial growth and ranges from 0 bone dry to 1. Water activity is controlled by removing water drying or freezing , by adding salt curing or by adding sugar jams, jellies. Water activity is a good predictor of food safety and of how long a food product will last on the shelf. The relationship between total moisture and water activity is complex, is related to the relative humidity of the food and its water content and must be determined for each specific food. Foods with higher moisture content might be expected to have higher water activity than dry foods but the expectation is not necessarily correct.
Learning the percentage of water in fruits and vegetables may be more important than satisfying mere curiosity. Besides their many nutritional benefits, boosting your water intake another good reason to eat your daily fruits and vegetables. Read more: The Benefits of Electrolytes in Water. According to the USDA , a whole host of different fruits have very high water content. If you've ever enjoyed a wedge of fresh watermelon, you're familiar with its refreshing juiciness, which is due to its water content.
Water Content of Fruits and Vegetables. John Nitza. Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the paper by clicking the button.
In fact, not drinking enough water can lead to dehydration , which can cause fatigue, headaches, skin problems, muscle cramps, low blood pressure and a rapid heart rate 1. Experts generally recommend drinking several glasses of water per day to meet your hydration needs. But while drinking water is very important, you can also get it from foods. There are many healthy foods that can contribute a large amount of water to your diet. Watermelon is very healthy and one of the most hydrating foods you can eat.
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Adapted from Water Content of Fruits and Vegetables prepared by Sandra. Bastin, Foods and Nutrition Specialist and Kim Henken, Extension Associate for ENRI.Castvitite 19.12.2020 at 12:14
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